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雅思考試遇到流程圖該怎么辦?

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發表于 2019-4-1 21:15:45 | 只看該作者 回帖獎勵 |倒序瀏覽 |閱讀模式
  今年不知咋了,
  從1月至今,
  雅思考試頻繁登上微博熱搜。
  每場考試結束后,
  烤鴨們都是含淚跪求雅思爸爸這次讓我過吧!
  在寫作中,很多同學將流程圖視作“洪水猛獸”,經常會有學生問我,”老師,考試遇到流程圖該怎么辦?”“流程圖的范文那么少,我去哪里找文章來看看呢?”
  劍5Test2Passage1的閱讀相信正在準備考試的小烤鴨們一定不陌生,就是那篇講“酚醛塑料誕生”的文章。我們先來看看在這篇文章中第五段,對于“酚醛樹脂制備”描述。
  文章原文如下:
  “
  The original patent outlined a three-stage process, in which phenol and formaldehyde (from wood or coal) were initially combined under vacuum inside a large egg-shaped kettle. The result was a resin known as Novalak, which became soluble and malleable when heated. The resin was allowed to cool in shallow trays until it hardened, and then broken up and ground into powder. Other substances were then introduced: including fillers, such as woodflour, asbestos or cotton, which increase strength and moisture resistance, catalysts (substances to speed up the reaction between two chemicals without joining to either) and hexa, a compound of ammonia and formaldehyde which supplied the additional formaldehyde necessary to form a thermosetting resin. This resin was then left to cool and harden, and ground up a second time. The resulting granular powder was raw Bakelite, ready to be made into a vast range of manufactured objects. In the last stage, the heated Bakelite was poured into a hollow mould of the required shape and subjected to extreme heat and pressure, thereby ‘setting’ its form for life.
  ”
  首先,我們看到文章的第一句話,The original patent outlined a three-stage process, in which phenol and formaldehyde (from wood or coal) were initially combined under vacuum inside a large egg-shaped kettle.
  在這句話中,除了說到酚醛樹脂的制作有三個步驟之外,運用“in which”引導的定語從句結合表示時間順序的”initially“把第一個步驟也一起說完了。句型中用到了一個表達”a three-stage process“,這樣我們就積累了一個表示共有多少步的表達。
  在流程圖開頭的寫作中,我們除了寫The whole process can be divided into XX stages.之外,還可以說 It is a XX-stage process. (XX填入具體的數字)。后面加入一個定語從句,表示在這個步驟中,兩個物質進行反應,而initially的出現表示順序。
  第二句話,The result was a resin known as Novalak... 生成一種叫Novalak的樹脂, 這個結構我們可以用于兩個物質相結合產生一個新的物質的時候。
  第三句話,The resin was allowed to cool in shallow trays until it hardened, and then broken up and ground into powder.
  運用了be allowed to do sth這個結構,還是我們強調過小作文流程圖在寫工序圖的時候需要用到被動語態,介詞in后面接的是動作發生的地點。until引導的狀語從句表述動作的結點,and then銜接下一個動作,體現銜接性。
  第六句話,The resulting granular powder was raw Bakelite, ready to be made into a vast range of manufactured objects.
  “the resulting XX”可以用來表示新產生出來的物質。“be ready to do”準備去做某事,后面用來銜接接下來需要做到的事情,這樣可以規避掉機械使用邏輯詞的情況,段落的最后是常規的被動語態運用。
  有了上面閱讀文章的講解,我們一起來看看面對C8T3的小作文關于水泥的制作,我們可以怎么寫呢?
  下面是題目中的原圖:
  The production of cement shows a six-stage process, in which limestone and clay are initially crushed. The result is powder, which is then delivered to the mixer, where it is mixed. The mixture is subsequently allowed to be heated in the rotating heater until it is heated well, after which the rotated powder is placed on a conveyor belt. The powder is sent to a grinder, where it is ground into cement. The resulting powder is cement, ready to be packed into bags in the final stage.
  (標紅的部分是運用到了上面提及的句型和結構)
  總結
  1. 在流程圖寫作中,經常會出現一些表示器具的名詞,如上面列舉的這篇文章中的mixer,heater, grinder,同學們需要改成動詞使用,如mixed,heated,ground。
  2. 在流程圖工序圖的寫作中,我們經常會需要用到表示“傳送”“轉化”“使用”的動詞,但是需要注意要使用被動語態。
  傳送:deliver, send, transfer, transport
  轉化:convert into, transform into
  使用:use, utilize
  3. 在小作文流程圖寫作過程中,有5個需要同學們必須要掌握的句式。
  句式1:and并列句。
  句式2:after which引導的定語從句
  句式3:where引導的定語從句
  句式4:until引導的狀語從句
  句式5:before + 分詞
  其實,閱讀真-ti中還有很多值得我們去挖掘的“寶藏”來運用到寫作中,小烤鴨們一定要好好運用手上的真-ti,認真分析,積累表達和觀點,北京新東方雅思老師祝大家爭取早日屠鴨成功!


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